Looking at a map of Australia, you may notice that most developed parts of the country, remain on the coastal regions of the entire country. Although there are residential and industrial developments moving more inland, there is still a big part of the country that consists out of a desert, which isn’t used at all.
Since there is a big desert in situated in the middle of the country and most residential areas surrounded by ocean waters, let’s look at where Australians get their water supply from.
Firstly, Australia couldn’t exist if it didn’t retrieve water from the natural environment of the country. This method of water retrieval is used for both domestic, as well as productive purposes. Keeping that in mind, Australia only makes use of 5% of its renewable freshwater resources, compared to the U.S, that uses 20% and Italy, 43%.
Per person, Australia uses more water that is regionally distributed, than most countries, apart from Canada, the U.S. and New Zealand.
Water Supply in the Land Down Under
The supply of Australia’s freshwater is very vulnerable to climate change, which causes a lot of droughts in different regions, especially central Australian regions. There is currently, thus a lot of emphasis placed on water conservation. Restrictions on water usage are presently also running quite high.
Even though the country can’t make proper use of their freshwater resources, as other countries do, countries like Perth, have already started desalinating seawater, and have invested in their own plants, like the Kwinana Desalination Plant. It has secured water supply to the city and region surrounding Perth. A plant has also been built to supply Sydney with water during droughts, which means that the country is on top of any water shortage that comes their way.